Research
OTTAWA—Science is that much stronger when diverse ideas are welcomed. When Canada's research community has a say in the development of new programs that support it, our researchers are able to discover and innovate in ways that have a profound impact on our health, environment, economy and communities.
For scientists, pain has long presented an intractable problem: it is a physiological process, just like breathing or digestion, and yet it is inherently, stubbornly subjective—only you feel your pain. It is also a notoriously hard experience to convey accurately to others.
Researchers previously showed that overweight and obese individuals with knee osteoarthritis can reduce pain by 50% and significantly improve function and mobility with a 10% or more weight loss over an 18-month period. The investigators' latest findings, which are published in Arthritis Care & Research, reveal that a 20% or more weight loss has the added benefit of continued improvement in physical health-related quality of life along with an additional 25% reduction in pain and improvement in function.
Hormonal and reproductive factors are correlated with the risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA), an effect that was significant in non-obese women both at early reproductive age and during midlife, according to a study recently published in Arthritis & Rheumatology.
CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA—Researchers from The Sport Science Center at Texas Christian University, Texas Health Sports Medicine, and the University of Wisconsin–La Crosse evaluated the usefulness of biomarker testing in determining the potential extent of brain trauma suffered from repetitive subconcussive head impacts sustained over the course of a college football season. Their findings are reported today in the Journal of Neurosurgery, in the article "Fluctuations in blood biomarkers of head trauma in NCAA football athletes over the course of a season" by Jonathan M. Oliver, Ph.D., and colleagues (https://thejns.org/doi/full/10.3171/2017.12.JNS172035).
STUDY TITLE: Are non-invasive interventions effective for the management of headaches associated with neck pain? An update of the Bone and Joint Decade Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders by the Ontario Protocol for Traffic Injury Management (OPTIMa) Collaboration. AUTHORS: Varatharajan S, Ferguson B, Chrobak K, Shergill Y et al. PUBLICATION INFORMATION: European Spine Journal 2016; 25(7): 1971-99.
Initial results from a Canadian study suggest the degree of patient-centredness of chiropractic care compares favourably to primary medical care.
Low back pain is the leading cause of disability worldwide and is becoming more common as our population ages. Most people who have an episode of low back pain recover within six weeks, but two-thirds still have pain after three months. By 12 months, pain may linger but is usually less intense.
Researchers at Dartmouth College have found a way to make back surgery safer, faster and more cost effective.
AURORA, CO—A new study of treatment options for military veterans with chronic pain has determined that care practices at Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities vary widely and could contribute to a veteran's likelihood of using opioids.
A new study confirms that rocker bottom shoes helps strengthen back muscles, improving the spine's curvature and thus reducing low back pain.
BUFFALO, N.Y. – The more educated a member of the baby boomer generation, the more likely they are to misuse prescription opioids, according to new research from the University at Buffalo.
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania are working to uncover ways to encourage the cells in and around the meniscus to repair themselves, hopefully leading to less invasive procedures. Scientists within the McKay Orthopaedic Research Laboratory are taking a tissue-engineering approach to improve many types of healing related to the skeletal system, says Lou Soslowsky, the vice-chair for research in the department of orthopaedic surgery. "We blend biology with engineering to understand normal and pathologic processes to ultimately replace or regenerate musculoskeletal tissues."
STUDY TITLE: Chiropractic Treatments for Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Narrative Review Based on the SOSORT Outcome CriteriaAUTHORS: Morningstar MW, Stitzel CJ, Siddiqui A et al.PUBLICATION INFORMATION: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine 2017; 16(1): 64-71

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